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You Said “Cloud computing”?

Cloud computing is the use of remote servers to process or store information. With a market of 131 billion euros currently, as much to say that this cloud weighs heavily. No more cumbersome and slow internal storage of information, the cloud is what you need. Now, now that the dream is sold, let’s get down to business.

Let’s talk about data centers first.

But yes, you know, these huge rooms, containing machines that are equal. Well, these machines are the ones that store business data. You can imagine that some data on these data centers can be extremely confidential. It is then necessary to at least deploy this kind of materials to store them.

There are often two types of data hosting available through data centers. Hosting can be either internally or externally.

In-house hosting is a so-called “classic” hosting. The data stays at home since it is stored within the company. The service that deals with the management of data and the machines for storing it are the Directorate of Information Systems (D.S.I.). This service is called by the common man the “computer service”.

An external hosting of data corresponds to our very dear (attention: in the sense darling, and not in the sense expensive) Cloud computing.

This service is, therefore, a data outsourcing. The company that wants to store its data, will appeal to a service company that will offer to store its data in data centers outside his company.

Like all other types of outsourcing, cloud computing allows the business to benefit and cons.

So, do I start with good or bad news?

Not hearing from you now (noise in our communication channel?), I will make this decision for you. No hard feelings?

Let’s start with the benefits.

The main benefit, (unfortunately?) Is a cost issue. When we know that an internal management of data centers costs between 10 and 25 million euros per year, it has something to cool our managers somewhat. This is not a criticism, just a statement.

These same managers will also tell you that internal management is a waste of time. If the employees of the D.S.I. do not have to worry about maintenance of data centers, employees will have more time to solve computer problems less tedious.

Another important benefit is that outsourced data is searchable at any time and anywhere in the world.

For all employees who have part of their work to achieve teleworking, outsourcing data is a significant asset. In fact, all they have to do is enter the codes to access the database and they can access the information from home without disturbing the data management managers within the company.

Now, let’s see the disadvantages.

The main disadvantage (unfortunately!) Cloud computing is the loss of tasks internally. In companies where an IT department is dedicated to these issues, it goes without saying that giving some of their work and outsourcing it is never good for their job.

And if, some IT tasks persist within the company despite the use of cloud computing, why not outsource the resolution of these problems? And hop fewer jobs within the company, almost as easy to say as to do.

For companies, their disadvantage will rather be a question of data security. How to keep an eye on the storage of data when it is done on the other side of the world?

According to the law Informatique et Libertés, the head of the enterprise is responsible for the security of personal data. And this responsibility persists even in the case of data outsourcing: even in the case of cloud computing. In other words, it is better for the entrepreneur to pay attention to the security of the data transmitted to the cloud provider.

One solution would be to force the cloud company to maintain its servers within the European Union. The European Union has the advantage of being governed by European standards in terms of data security.

Enough of blah, blah, blah, let’s talk about IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS. I feel your attention is fading slightly. No fear, the crispest is yet to come.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology believes that there are three broad categories of services offered by cloud computing service providers. These categories are IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service), the PaaS (Platform as a Service) and the SaaS (Structure as a Service). As shown in the diagram below, the more a company wants to outsource the management of its data, the more it will call on a service provider. SaaS. On the contrary, the more a company wants to have some control over this data, the more it will prefer the IaaS. PaaS can then be a good compromise for some companies.


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